Pedelec Test Reports/Reviews

An online magazine. Written reviews of test riders. Also digital copies of the magazine may be ordered.
Website of a bicycle shop (commercial interest in selling pedelecs). Operates a comprehensive website with reviews on test rides.


ExtraEnergy (annually) - in German

Go Pedelec! Project partner ExtraEnergy since many years thoroughly tests pedelecs in Germany and publishes the results as .pdfs for free. The testing criteria and the procedures are dscribed in the magazines. You find the links below:
  1. Report March 2016, Volume 13
  2. Report August 2015, Volume 12
  3. Report March 2015, Volume 11
  4. Report August 2014, Volume 10
  5. Report March 2014, Volume 9
  6. Report August 2013, Volume 8
  7. Report March 2013, Volume 7
  8. Report August 2012, Volume 6 , topics: 192 years of electric motors, testing the pedelec behavior with trailers
  9. Report April 2012 "20 years of ExtraEnergy"
  10. Report Autumn 2011, focus on "Pedelecs and Safety"
  11. Report Spring 2011
  12. Report July 2010
  13. Report 2009/2010

NewRide From Roetynck 2010: "The showpiece among pedelec projects is NewRide in Switzerland, which was introduced in 2002 to support the introduction of electric bicycles and scooters. It is part of SuisseEnergie, a government programme to promote energy efficiency and renewable energy. In close cooperation with municipalities, manufacturers, importers and dealers, NewRide offers a wide range of promotional activities and services: road shows, public relations, product information, website, dealer training, dealer certification with the NewRide logo, participation in regional exhibitions. In 2008 for instance, NewRide organised, with the collaboration of 40 municipalities, 140 dealers and 10 electric bike brands, a total of 161 road-show days. Most of these were organised in the framework of a larger event related to mobility and/or health. NewRide has experienced that road-shows embedded in larger exhibitions attract more visitors. NewRide counted some 7,000 test-rides and 24,300 visitors, whereas 1,700 test vouchers were distributed. With these vouchers, consumers can go to any NewRide dealer of their choice for a free test ride. NewRide had 2,100 pedelecs available for these events." NewRide operates the best product independent Swiss website on pedelecs and e-bikes which includes a database on pedelecs with a search function and user comment functionality for each product.

E-Rad-Datenbank of the Verkehrsclub Deutschland e.V. A database subsidized by the German Federal Agency of Environment with about 600 pedelecs (August 2012). Filtering is possible according to different criteria such as brand, price, manufacturer, frame type, battery size, weight class, motor position etc. There is also a text section with hints on cargo bikes.

App E-Bike-Finder An online application (against payment) for smartphones launched in 2012.

ADAC(2010 - 2014) - in German

The criteria for the tests done so far are intransparent (by Feb. 2014).

2013: The article on the test results of 2013 seemingly has been removed from the ADAC web site (older link does not work anymore).

Stiftung Warentest - in German

Stiftung Warentest tested pedelecs for the ADAC.


The official website: EnergyBus

The EnergyBus initiative has developed a new standard for charging connectors and the according charging protocol (software that controls the charging process). The initiative has its origin in a working group founded by ExtraEnergy e. V. and Bosch. The system is likely to become an international standard within the sector of pedelec charging devices and - of most importance to municipal decision makers - an international standard of (public) charging stations within the next decade.
EnergyBus is designed as a non-profit, open association (compare the SD-card association). This openness of the standard to thirds is one of the main differences to a very similar initiative of some companies who have gathered successfully in Northern Italy. This basic idea of standardised charging connectors and software is then pushed further and resulted in something which appears at first site a trivial mechanical bike lock (a mechanically strong cable with a lock). However this cable is designed in a way it also is used as charging cable (-> "charging lock cable"). The idea is that without doing any extra effort on behalf of the user or nearly without being aware of, the pedelec is charged automatically whenever the user locks it to a bike station equipped according to the EnergyBus standard. Locking a bike mechanically is something users the world all over are used to anyway. There is no additional activity that would need to be adopted. It is highly probably that this technique is going to influence strongly the market for charging stations but on the long run for any kind of bike parking facilities - also for purely mechanical bikes since because of strategic cost planning (pedelec boom) it might happen that on the long run bike parking facilities are equipped with a charging facility by default. The current development of the EnergyBus standard is in its initial phase and very promising. However, should you as a municipal decision maker go for it you have to ask carefully who offers you what and at which conditions (cable, docking stations, software, battery, pedelecs) since you otherwise might be left with the "single pieces". With this regard also observe steps of partners of the ELMOS project where this technology might be used as well. To mention is that at the same time the EnergyBus association members try to develop a battery that is able to do fast charging (Neupert 2012). Further advantages of the system which combines mechanical security with electric charging:
  1. If your bike is stolen or somebody tries to steal it, the cutting of the charging cable lock (e.g. with a bolt cutter), which is electrically and electronically active, is registered by the electrical circuit. The pedelec can deactivate right away all of its electronic features, could mechanically lock the bottom bracket and the handlebar and might also contact the owner with a call or SMS etc.
  2. The docking stations are no longer tied to a specific pedelec-product (an advantage inherent to any standard, though), except that they have to be equipped with the EnergyBus interface. Uncomfortable investment decisions (this pedelec model or none at all, in case of a renewal all bikes have to be replaced with a new specific model) thus are cleared away.
The price in 2012 was about 150 € for the electric components of the EnergyBus solution for park-charging pedelecs. However, be aware that the electric components are only part of the total cost (bike parking facility, pedelec). The long term target price for the electric components is 100 €. The EnergyBus association's projection is that starting from 2014 many manufacturers of bike parking stations will offer the charging cable as part of their installations. The current EnergyBus solution is pushed at the level of the IEC by Switzerland and also by Japan.' Articles about the new revolutionary electric charging standard 'EnergyBus'.

General Information on Pedelecs A list of links of non commercial sites. Information about pedelec types matching your personal needs. Results of the pedelec test as conducted by ExtraEnergy. News about pedelecs. News and features about electric bikes. Includes a forum and bike reviews. Forum on Pedelecs. Information about motors, batteries and a lot more. In German. In German. Movelo is a company offering a pedelec rental system to hotels etc. based on the Swiss 'Flyer' pedelec. Website includes description of bike routes. Movelo is not the only company providing such offers.

Related Projects and Actors

EU level

ETRA European twowheel retailers' association - ETRA.
ETRA dissolved in early 2014. ETRA and within the organisation general secretary, Annick Roetynck, did intensive lobbying work at European level for pedelecs and the according legal framework. Moreover, ETRA was part of a project which dealt with technical training on pedelecs. ETRA was part also of the consortium of the EU project Presto!.

The EU project Cyclelogistics From the project website: Running from May 2011 until April 2014 and spanning 12 countries, the EU-funded project CycleLogistics aims to reduce energy used in urban freight transport by replacing unnecessary motorised vehicles with cargo bikes for intra-urban delivery and goods transport in Europe.
  1. Testing and reporting on various cargo bike transport products (cargo bikes, trailers, electric motors and bags & baskets), and therefore promoting their uptake by providing potential consumers – private, business and government – across Europe with access to valuable information.
  2. Communicating topic and potential to the transport sector in order to shift more goods transport from cars to cargo bikes. Existing cycle couriers will also be encouraged to transport heavier loads by utilising electric assistance.
  3. Motivating municipalities to create a favorable regulatory framework and policies for cycle logistics, to analyze the internal potential to employ cargo bikes for municipal services, and to encourage business services to take advantage of cycle logistics.
  4. Encouraging private individuals to use cargo bikes, trailers and baskets to transport shopping and leisure time equipment, while at the same time ensuring that retailers provide customers with incentives and necessary infrastructure.

The EU project Active Access

Active Access: This EU project is already closed. Key result on pedelecs: The pedelec test in the Austrian city of Graz from this EU project confirmed the hypothesis, that pedelecs are ideal for shopping trips in urban areas and to replace cars therein since shopping trips in urban areas are mostly short routes. This EU project run within the Intelligent Energy Europe scheme tested pedelecs with 20 persons from the target group "seniors" in Graz in Austria in August 2010. Overall, the testers did 222 trips with pedelecs and 69 of those (nearly a third) were shopping trips, 58 leisure trips and the rest journeys to and from work. Approximately more than half of the trips would have been otherwise made by car. As for the shopping trips, 68% of them would have been car trips otherwise and were replaced by the pedelec according to the project results. As soon as the trip gets longer in distance the car is still preferred (27 of 28 rides longer than 10 km would have been covered by car). The average trip length was 1-3 km and almost half of these routes were short shopping trips.

The CIVITAS Initiative The CIVITAS Initiative helps cities to achieve a more sustainable, clean and energy efficient urban transport system. The website offers information about projects, latest news and events.

The Cities-for-Mobility (CfM) network The global network Cities for Mobility" led by the German city of Stuttgart (Projektpartner in Go Pedelec!) wants to search for common ways towards sustainable mobility. The website offers an e-magazine, information about projects and ongoing events related to sustainable mobility. It was one of the major dissemination channels at international level within the Go Pedelec! project.


The "Landrad" Project

Landrad: This is still the most renowned project with a pedelec test fleet done in Austria. It was very well evaluated. This descriptive text is slightly modified from Kairos 2010: "Landrad" ("country bike") was a fleet attempt in the province of Vorarlberg (Austria) with a limited edition of 500 high quality pedelecs. This was the largest monitored pedelec fleet test so far in Austria. The project tried to answer the following questions:
  1. To what extent can pedelecs replace car trips?
  2. How big is the potential market for this in the Austrian province of Vorarlberg?
  3. Which accompanying measures are necessary and target-oriented for a further increase of the share of bicycle traffic in Vorarlberg?
The 500 "Landrads" were sold to interested private clients and companies/organizations at a discounted price. In return, all of the buyers committed themselves to take part in a survey and also to provide specifically stored data from the control devices on their pedelecs on the basis of random sampling. At the beginning of the projects, all of the movements of the Landrads were tracked by GPS for four weeks. This offered more detailed information on driving behaviour (especially up- and downhill), range, speed etc. However, these surveys were not meant to help to answer research questions, but much more targeted technical development and specifications for future projects on pedelecs. The corresponding report is available online at
Within Go Pedelec! an interview on the project was conducted in German with a key operative person in the Landrad project, Mr. Martin Strele. You may access the interview here.

Austrian post fleet

The project involves 548 pedelecs within a planned total of 1157 electric vehicles until 2015. Vehicles are used for delivering mail and are part of a sustainability initiative within the Austrian post. At a conference in Upper Austria in 2012 where Go Pedelec! was also represented (city of Graz and energieautark) with a stand and did an intervention on stage the according co-ordinator of the post revealed a glimpse into the rich technical experience they made in this pilot.


Graz Bike: This rental system relies largely on online booking. The co-ordinators have taken great care that access to the online platform works with several different hardware and software (browser) systems even with extremely old and obsolete ones. Characteristic issues of the system which is operative since September 2012 are:
  1. a thorough feasibility study has been done before introducing the system
  2. many different pedelecs models may be rented, among those are as well folding and cargo pedelecs.
  3. once a pedelec has been rented it has to be returned at the same place where it was rented (A-A system). There is no redistribution of the pedelecs foreseen.
The interesting approach is that the rental is based on a manual approach that means the pedelecs are handed out manually and taken back as well by persons. However, at the same time the company plans to install automated pedelec rental systems by January 2013 and is currently in the according planning stage. To the difference of the current system it will be a 24h/7d system. The idea is that you may book also a very specific pedelec (for instance the pedelec with the number xxxyy). You may then be sure to find at the docking station this exact bike/pedelec for you ("pre-booking"). What regards the redistribution of the pedelecs (and bikes) GrazBike wants to take an approach similar to the approach taken in the German city Mainz (for the time being only with pedelecs), namely trying to motivate people via social online games . Hence to bring a bike from station A to station B is rewarded with some points etc.

Rental system in the city of Eisenstadt

e-mobilisiert: A pedelec rental system operative in the city of Eisenstadt in the province of Burgenland (south eastern part of Austria) since September 2011 involving three pedelec rental stations. After the start within few weeks 120 user registered and 700 rentals were done. The system worked well except for minor problems. Main problem by far concerned the quality of the pedelec models. The models used in the beginning turned out to be absolutely not suitable for rental systems which is why the system operators decided to replace all pedelecs.


emorail: A rental project of the Austrian railways (ÖBB) as lead partner and 12 further partners linking the railways to the rental of electric vehicles (cars, pedelecs) which may be done at the train stations. The pedelec rental system is based on the technology of the Viennese supplier Sycube. It involves also a new app which allows among others also to check the battery status of the available electric vehicles. The project currently (2013) is available only to a closed cirlce of test users.


ÖAMTC: The ÖAMTC is one of the two major Austrian car user associations, and has tested pedelecs in 2009, in 2011 and in 2013. The last test showed a "disastrous result" (9 from 16 tested products failed). Further tests on behalf of the association may be expected. The association regularly publishes articles on pedelecs.



Agenzia Napoletana Energia e Ambiente
Via Toledo 317
80132 Napoli (Italy)

Was the Italian country manager of Go Pedelec!. Participates since 2012 in another EU project on trainings on sustainable mobility. Contact: aneainfo (klam)


ANCMA Italian association of manufactures of vehicles with two or three wheels. Recently has picked up also the issue of pedelecs. In September 2012 Go Pedelec! held an expert training in Verona at the EICA fair for members of ANCMA.

Dolomiti Superbike

Dolomiti Superbike is a large event during a couple of days in South Tyrol where many activities around bikes and pedelecs take place (lectures, races). Go Pedelec! contributed via a presentation of Hannes Neupert, ExtraEnergy e. V. in 2012. Contact: Heidi Hauser, heidi.hauser (klam)

E-scooter project

See also here

Various contacts in Italy around pedelecs

  1. Braking Sunstar S.p.A., Marcello Segato (director): marcello.segato (klam) Manufacturer of pedelec center drive systems. Has hosted generously a Go Pedelec! expert training at their premises in July 2012.
  2. Italwin, Gary Fabris: gary.fabris (klam) Mr. Fabris was present at the Go Pedelec! expert training at the EICA in Verona in September 2012 and contacted us afterwards.
  3. Politecnico di Milano, Giovanni Alli: Has developed a pedelec within a team at the Bocconi university that never eneds to recharged. By September 2012 looked for industrial investors. The team is lead by Prof. Sergio Savaresi: savaresi (klam) (Dipartimento di Elettronica e Informazione del Politecnico di Milano)
  4. Yamaha Italy, Roberto Basile: roberto.basile (klam) Mr. Basile, product manager at Yamaha, was present at the Go Pedelec! expert training at the EICA in Verona in September 2012 and contacted us afterwards about the presentation.
  5. Ennio de Lorenzo: edeloren (klam), Ennio translated from German and English at the Italian Go Pedelec! expert trainings. He was present at the end of the 1990s at some pedelec road-shows ExtraEnergy e. V. held in Italy. He is an expert for renewable photovoltaics.
  6., Mr. Dario Tamburrano: Asked for Go Pedelec! posters for a public presentation to citizens in Rome about pedelecs they organised in 2012. Mr. Tamburrano possibly translated many of the posters to Italian.

Summarizing websites
The Intelligent Energy - Europe programme is the EU's tool for funding action to improve these conditions and move us towards a more energy intelligent Europe.
ELTIS (European Local Transport Information Service) provides information and supports a practical transfer of knowledge and exchange of experience in the field of urban and regional transport in Europe. It is not simply one among many but the one. At the end it is an excellent database on tools, publications on mobility is operated on behalf of the EU. You may find there are also a lot of material on cycling and subscribe to the Eltis newsletter (it's worth it!!). Become also a friend of Eltis and promote the website to others.

On bicycles in general

The EU project Presto! - learn as a city about cycling issues
Unfortunately the website has been redirected. Since then all the valuable downloads do not work any more! All files which regarded pedelecs have been "saved" to the Go Pedelec! web site. PRESTO - "Promoting Cycling for Everyone as a Daily Transport Mode", completed by early 2012, is a project of the EU's Intelligent Energy Europe programme. One project pillar focused on pedelecs including a policy guide on pedelecs and a fact sheet on legal issues around pedelecs . In general, what regards cycling, measures and recommendations for three categories of cities have been developed regarding cycling within a city: "Starter" (beginners), "Climber" (advanced) and "Champions". Corresponding outstanding bicycle planning documents in form of 25 fact sheets (15 of these dedicated to cycling infrastructure topics) and four "policy guides" can be downloaded for free. The four policy guides are a support for developing a cycling policy strategy whereas the 25 fact sheets are for implementing measures. Moreover you may find very good .pdfs documenting contents of held trainings and a good final report. Part of the documents are available in various European languages (e. g. even in Ukranian).

Bypad - assess your current 'cycling state' as a city
Within the EU and therein within the bicycle sector there is a reputable and proven method to analyze and monitor one's status as a cycling city. This method is named after the identically named EU-Project from which the method has emerged – the Bypad method. Certified Bypad consultants are available across the EU.

The Dutch Fietsberaad - browse within Europe's "cycling country"
Fietsberaad is a Dutch organisation founded by a government initiative in 2001. It groups experts who offer studies, consultancy, workshops etc. all around cycling and meanwhile also on the topic of pedelecs. On the Dutch website there is also a small corner in English. Some of the publications are said to be translated to English if sufficient requests on behalf of website visitors are observed. Fietsberaad is in close contact with further important Dutch cycling organisations such as Fietsersbond, CROW, AVV und SWOV and is one of the founding partners of the Dutch Cycling Embassy.

The EU project Cyclingcarma
Cyclingcarma is an EU project within the Intelligent Energy Europe scheme on awareness raising on bicycles.

The EU project Mobile2020 Mobile2020 is an EU project within the Intelligent Energy Europe scheme.

Bike Friendly Cities

An INTERREG programme (no website yet)


OBIS This EU project (scheme Intelligent Energy Europe) was centred around public bicycle sharing systems for purely mechanical bicycles and for the first time analysed 51 systems in 48 cities located in 10 European countries in a detailed manner according to a common structure. Main result is an excellent and voluminous handbook published in 2011 on such rental systems including various country reports. If you are pondering about installing a bike sharing system this report is a must to read!

A handbook from the German GIZ in English Download this comprehensive handbook established by the German GIZ (formerly GTZ). Handbook is in English. You might meet a person of the GIZ at the annual Cities for Mobility conference in Stuttgart for asking more information about this publication.

The Presto! policy guideline on infrastructure Presto! is an EU project within the Intelligent Energy Europe scheme. Within the document see chapter 3 The standing bicycle" and in particular chapter 3.5 (storage facilities"). " "

The ELMOS project The project will implement pilot projects for public pedelec rental systems in five cities (Karlskrona (SE), Malbork (PL), Rostock (DE), Trabki Wielkie (PL) and Växjö (SE)) with a special focus on the combination of a linkage of electric mobility with public transport. The entire project is coordinated by the city of Rostock, more specifically by the Rostocker Straßenbahn AG.



An EU project to start in June 2013 according to the IEE fact sheet. It promotes electric scooter sharing in Genoa, Florence and Barcelona by pilot actions, and prepares a transferability model for further 7 urban areas. Co-ordinator is Alessandra Risso, arisso (klam)

Miscellaneous Overview of events on LEVs (Light Electric Vehicles) around the globe The website contains maps of over 200 000 bike routes all over Europe.

BICY - Downloads

Various web articles on pedelecs

In Dutch Overview on various tests on electric bikes performed in the Netherlands Overview on tests done by the 'Dutch plus magazine' Test from April 2011 done by the Dutch biker's association 'Fietsersbond'

Electric rental bike in Great Britain - Fietsberaad§ion=nieuws&mode=newsArticle&newsYear=2011&repository=Electric+rental+bike+in+Great+Britain

Velo-city Global 2012 - Fietsberaad§ion=Nieuws&mode=newsArticle&newsYear=2012&repository=Velo-city+Global+2012

Velo-city Global 2012 - Fietsberaad§ion=Nieuws&mode=newsArticle&newsYear=2012&repository=Velo-city+Global+2012

The E-bike opportunities for Commuter Traffic - Fietsberaad

One in six buys the electric bike after a trial spin - Fietsberaad§ion=Nieuws&mode=newsArticle&newsYear=2012&repository=One+in+six+buys+the+electric+bike+after+a+trial+spin

OV-fiets now in Belgium too - Fietsberaad§ion=Nieuws&mode=newsArticle&newsYear=2011&repository=OV-fiets+now+in+Belgium+too

Bicycle highways profitable - Fietsberaad§ion=Nieuws&mode=newsArticle&newsYear=2011&repository=Bicycle+highways+profitable

Electric bicycles gain momentum - Fietsberaad

Elektrische Fietsentest 2012

Gebruikte elektrische systemen

Karakter ondersteuning

Voor wie?

Wettelijke regels elektrische fiets?

Fietsen 123 - Fietsen - De Audi e-bike Wörthersee in actie

Articles of the German weekly "SPIEGEL"

Kostenvergleich Rad gegen Auto: Das Velo ist Sieger der Herzen

DER SPIEGEL 11/2012 - Selbstheilende Herzen

Boom bei Elektrobikes: Vorfahrt für Akku-Flitzer

Ökoinitiative: Stuttgart plant Elektrofahrrad-Netzwerk

Pedelecs: Rad-Schub aus dem Akku

Qualitätsprobleme bei E-Bikes: Schlappe Akkus, anfällige Elektronik

Elektrofahrräder: Regierung prüft Helmpflicht auf Pedelecs

Verkehrserziehung: Schulkinder verlernen das Radfahren

Härtetest: Viele Pedelecs bremsen schlecht

DER SPIEGEL 20/2009 - Jedermann ein Supermann

Elektrofahrrad: Mit dem Strom radeln

Alternative Mobilitätskonzepte: Ein Auto nur bei Bedarf

DER SPIEGEL 23/2011 - Gefährliches Gewusel

E-Fahrräder auf Rügen: So weit der Akku will - SPIEGEL ONLINE - Nachrichten - Reise


  1. Kairos. Landrad, Neue Mobilität für den Alltagsverkehr in Vorarlberg (Endbericht). 2010. Final report of a project that involved the testing of 500 pedelecs including a survey on the behaviour of the users. The modal shift induced by the introduction of pedelecs according to a poll among the test riders is as follows: 52% of all trips done by the pedelecs in the project would have been done before the project with an ordinary bicycle; 35% of all trips would have been done by car. Report language is German..
  2. Hannes Neupert. Go Pedelec! workshop held in Stuttgart (Germany) on June 14, 2012“. 2012 . "
  3. Annick Roetynck. Give Cycling A Push - Presto Cycling Policy Guide on Electric Bicycles. 2010. Downloadable at the Presto! website